516-223-2300   |  Info@TechPacInc.com

Tech-Pac - Technical Packaging, Inc.

Serving the Long Island New York Area

Wood Containers

 
All lumber used for the construction of crates and wood boxes at Technical Packaging is NELMA certified. Our proximity to JFK Airport in Queens is convenient for overseas crates and wood boxes requiring this certification.

TYPES OF CRATES

There are two general types of crates, sheathed (plywood) and open. Sheathed crates not only give weather protection, they are stronger and more rigid than open crates. Open crates consist of frame members only and are largely used to provide ease of transportation, handling and storage.


COMMON PLYWOOD CRATE STANDARDS

 

LIGHT DUTY (up to about 1000 lbs.)

  • ASTM D6251

  • PPP-B-601

MEDIUM DUTY (to about 2500 lbs.)

  • ASTM D6256

  • MIL-B-26195

HEAVY DUTY (to about 30,000 lbs.)

  • ASTM D7478

  • MIL-C-104


CLEATED PLYWOOD BOXES UP TO 1000 lbs

Most crates built today are of the cleated plywood variety and conform to mil spec PPP-B-601 or its commercial equivalent, ASTM D6251. They are classified as follows:

TYPE

  • Class 1 - Domestic (600 lb. max)

  • Class 2 - Overseas (1,000 lb. max)

 

GRADES

  • Grade A - with preservative treatment

  • Grade B - without preservative or fire retardant treatment

  • Grade C - with fire retardant treatment


STYLES
style A style B

Style A Cleated Wood Box - most common and can be built 48" in any direction before more vertical structural cleats are required. Top and Bottom nailed into sides and ends.

Style B Cleated Wood Box - similar to Style A except the top and bottom fit between the ends and are nailed into the sides and nailed into from the ends. (Lock Corner Cleating)

style i style J

Style I Cleated Wood Box - solid panel top and bottom.

Style J Cleated Wood Box - cleating in one direction top and bottom facilitates more secure stacking.


CLEATED PLYWOOD BOXES UP TO 2500 lbs

Similar to PPP-B-601 but with a stronger base and support for the top:

  • Type 1 Plywood Base

  • Type 2 Lumber Base

CLEATED PLYWOOD BOXES UP TO 30,000 lbs

Two types and two styles of sheathed crates as follows:

 
CLASS
  • 1 - Sheathed with Plywood

  • 2 - Sheathed with Lumber

TYPE
  • I - Nailed

  • II - Bolted

STYLE
  • a - Skid Base

  • b - Sill Base


NAILED WOOD LUMBER BOXES

Most lumber crates built today will conform to PPP-B-621 or its commercial equivalent, ASTM D6880. They are classified as follows:

TYPE
  • Class 1 - Domestic (600 lb. max)

  • Class 2 - Overseas (1,000 lb. max)

GRADES
  • Grade A - With preservatives

  • Grade B - Without preservatives


STYLES
box styles 1 and 2 box style 2.5 style 4 box

 

Style 1 Nailed Wood Box - identified by lack of cleats on the ends and single line nailing of sides to ends, and of top and bottom to ends and sides. Style 1 box is intended for domestic shipments only and may not exceed a load limit of 50 pounds for two-piece sides and 100 pounds for one-piece sides. This box is limited to a height of 10 inches and total dimensions (length, width, and depth) of 50 inches.

Style 2 Nailed Wood Box - identified by two vertical and two horizontal cleats on each end. Vertical cleats are positioned at right angles to the grain of the end. They are one-eighth of an inch shorter than the edge of the end at the top and bottom. Horizontal cleats, which are placed parallel to the grain of end, are butt-joined to the vertical cleats and are flush with the top and bottom edges of the box. The top, bottom, and sides extend over the ends and cleats and are nailed in a staggered pattern. Thus, there is some side-grain nailing on all edges. The cleat pattern provides ease of handling. Weight limitation for Style 2, Class 1 box (domestic) is 600 pounds. Weight limitation for Style 2, Class 2 (oversea) box is 1,000 pounds.

Style 4 Nailed Wood Box - Style 4 box is identified by two vertical cleats on each end. Vertical cleats, which are positioned at right angles to the grain of the end, are one-eighth inch shorter than the outside surfaces of the top and bottom of the box. The top and bottom cover the sides. They fit between the cleats and are attached to the ends by straight line, side-grain nailing. The sides overlap the ends and cleats, providing for a staggered nailing pattern. Weight limitation for Style 4, Class 1 box (domestic) is 250 pounds. Weight limitation for Style 4, Class 2 box (oversea) is 400 pounds.

Style 4-1/2 Nailed Wood Box - identified by two horizontal end cleats. Horizontal cleats, which are positioned at right angles to the grain of the end, are one-eighth inch shorter than the outside surface of the sides. The sides extend over the ends, and provide for straight-line, side-grain nailing. The top and bottom extend over the ends and cleats, an provide for both side- and end-grain nailing. Weight limitations for both classes of boxes are the same as for Style 4 boxes.

 

style 5 and 6 box

Style 5 Nailed Wood Box - identified by interior vertical cleats. The cleats extend to within one-eight inch from the top and bottom edges of the end of the box. Other than the placement of cleats, construction and nailing pattern for this container is the same as for Style 4 box. The interior cleats may be rectangular or triangular, provided the cross section area of the triangular cleat is not less than that of the required rectangular cleat. Weight limitation for Style 5, Class 1 box (domestic) is 250 pounds. Weight limitation for Style 5, Class 2 box (oversea) is 400 pounds.

Style 6 Nailed Wood Box - Style 6 box is identified by the lock corner construction which is glued. This box has about the same advantages and disadvantages as Style 1 box. Style 6 box is intended for domestic shipments only and has a weight limitation of 50 pounds, but may go to 100 pounds if the box has one-piece sides.

 

style 7 box

 

Style 7 Nailed Wood Box - an internally reinforced box consisting of a skidded base with a separate hood assembled from the top, sides and ends. Style 7 boxes are for contents ranging from 100 to 1,000 pounds. The contents must readily permit attachment to the skids. The base is assembled to 2 X 4 inch skids to facilitate mounting to a skid base. The skids are positioned across the extreme ends of the bottom pieces to permit attachment of all end pieces to the skid edges. Vertical and horizontal framing members and reinforcing members in the form of a rectangle, and cross diagonals, as applicable, are attached to the interior surfaces of the prefabricated box panels. Framing members are required when contents exceeds 250 pounds or when side length is greater than end length. End panels are identified by vertical sheathing which extends within one-eighth of an inch of each skid bottom. The hood assembly is placed over the item mounted to the base, then nailed and strapped. Style 7 boxes are intended for both Class 1 and Class 2 use.

 
 
05-lightbox-wood-boxes